ICT employment by census metropolitan area (CMA)
363,000 ICT professionals were employed in Ontario in 2013. Of them, 197,000 worked in Toronto (greater Toronto area), 75,000 worked in Ottawa (Ottawa-Gatineau), 7,400 worked in Kitchener-Waterloo region, and another 83,000 worked in the rest of the province. Since 2011, Ottawa consolidated its positions as one of the leading digital economy clusters in not only Ontario, but in Canada. ICT employment in Ottawa increased by 29% (16,700) in this period. On the other hand, over half the jobs in Kitchener-Waterloo were lost, due mainly to the turbulence at Blackberry.