Halifax is the capital of Nova Scotia and its largest municipality, with a population of almost 450,000. Agriculture, fishing, mining, forestry, and natural gas extraction are major resource industries operating in the rural areas of the municipality, while Halifax serves as the business, banking, government, and cultural centre for the Maritime region.
As a capital and the major economic centre for Atlantic Canada, the port city of Halifax has a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. The largest employment sectors in the city include trade, healthcare and social assistance, professional services, education, and public administration.
Major employers in Halifax include the Department of National Defence, the Port of Halifax, Irving Shipbuilding, the Nova Scotia Health Authority, IMP Group, Bell Aliant, Emera, the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, and all levels of government.
Halifax has a growing number of manufacturing industries and is a major multi-modal transportation hub tied to the port, the Halifax international airport, and rail and highway infrastructure.
Agriculture and fishing are also economic contributors, as are the natural resources, including natural gas development off the coast of Sable Island, clay, shale, gold, limestone, and gypsum extraction in rural areas.