Montreal is the second-most populous city in Canada and the largest city in Quebec, with a regional population of over 4 million.
Historically, Montreal was the commercial capital of Canada. In the 1970s, its population and economic strength was surpassed by Toronto but remains an important centre for finance, commerce, aerospace, transport, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, education, art, culture, and tourism.
The Port of Montreal is one of the largest inland ports in the world. It is a transshipment point for grain, sugar, petroleum products, machinery, and consumer goods, supported by railway and highway infrastructure.
The headquarters of the Canadian Space Agency is in Longueuil, and Montreal is a global hub for artificial intelligence research with numerous companies involved in this sector. The city is also home to Mila, an artificial intelligence research institute with over 500 researchers specializing in the field of deep learning, the largest organization of its kind in the world.
Moreover, the video game industry has been booming in Montreal since 1995 and has since attracted world-leading game developers and publisher studios. Film and television series production is also an important economic driver in the city.